By: Lance Mosiea
The force of coalition agreements in a continent marred with widespread genocides that has devastated countries for years after their end; dictatorships; wars over the benefits of the natural minerals that root from the land and the derailing likes, is by no means an obscure subject that hasn’t been fully explored, but rather has been flanked with power battles that further weaken the progress and the advancements the country needs to make in all spheres of its governance.
But we’ve seen such a partnership blossom within our own continent, vividly in the former flourishing country of Zimbabwe (former Zaire) with a new hope being breathed into the once lifeless country that was “governed” under the dictatorship of States-man Robert Mugabe.
The diplomatic aid of former President of the Republic of South Africa, Thabo Mbeki, proved to be impactful and largely successful in bringing together two powerful forces; for them to reach a consensus in how their country of birth would be ruled; how they wish to see a way forward in economic reform, political rule, socio-economic turnabout and largely the resurrection of the once formidable Zimbabwe.
The Western attempts of seizing power in Zimbabwe have over and over failed because they merely did not coincide with the African Renaissance agenda that was being cultivated by other countries in the continent.
When a coalition agreement was decided upon between the ruling ZANU-PF and main opposition, the MDC, led by a defiant Morgan Tsvangirai, a wave of stability and order was believed to sweep over Zimbabwe, in that belief that finally, a change has come in Zimbabwe. Tsvangirai was hastily sworn in as Prime Minister of The Democratic Republic of Zimbabwe in 2010.
To just get the essence of the power of this partnership, the Wikipedia definition of “Coalition Agreements” is stated as:
“In multiparty democracies, a coalition agreement is an agreement between the parties that form the cabinet. It codifies the most important goals and objectives of the cabinet. It is often written by the leaders of the parliamentary parties”
A new system of rule was created and like any other system created by the minds of man, it had its leaks and loopholes. Constitutional reform was derailed by endless battles in Parliament; the agricultural disorder that needed the dire attention of proper administration and control was, in a sort, shoved to the side as power struggles brewed between the role players of the coalition agreement.
The factionalism within the ZANU-PF proved it difficult for unity of the party to be restored as also the health of Robert Mugabe has been questioned and under speculated stain. Pressure to hold re-elections this year has been evident as Mugabe wishes to hold siege of the power he ultimately has and thus choose a successor from that point on.
Tsvangerai remains determined and commuted to turnabout the rule of the county. Many hurdles have been crossed, but they seem to not have been enough. Perhaps this powerful partnership was not the ideal order of way the country was to walk in.
Sources : Wikipedia.